Nomadic literature reflecting Kooch festival

Nomadic literature is a way we use to get to know nomad tribes in Iran. But who is a nomad? and why they Kooch?

Wikipedia defines a nomad “is a member of a community of people who lives in different locations”. By seasonal weather changes, they move from one place to another.  Basically, migration is the most important characteristic of nomad people. In Bakhtiari dialect, this up to 500 km migration is called “Kooch” or “mal be rah” or “nomadic migration”.

In Kooch, nomads start trekking from hot plains of Kuzestan province to cool fields and high mountains of Charmahal. This journey is full of hardship and adventurous stories. Literature of Bakhtiari tribe reflects Kooch repetitively.  In the following you read a poem about Kooch.


Kan kane mala, delom rah va ba sova             Har do dast va sar zanim ja vargah ha sova[1]

It is the migration time. My heart is gone along with them. Let us go to their vacant place and cry!

Kan kane mala che va man Geroune             delom ve bazi-e kokom va ghamoone

Migration is very hard for me. My heart and my mind is with my partridge.

Kan kane mala namande kelayi       Namande Sisanboli kad chegayi

In the migration no one is left here, even a crow! Also there is no leaf for the Sisonbol (the Name of a tree) and you cannot see it.

Komeyte kore mayar dastam ve yalet, min-e mal-barkonon ki bove savaret?

Komeit (the name of a horse) don’t give birth to your baby! In the migration time there is no one to ride you!

Its poem is a young man who stays in the hot pasture while his lover migrates to cold pasture. He will harvest grain and wheat. The next winter his family come back to hot pasture and their mules would benefit from the harvest.

Nomadic life-style is in a close relationship with nature. The poem obviously reflects nature. The man uses partridge as his lover’s nickname. He also uses the names of horse and tree. We establish that the nature is the heart of their nomadic migration and life-style.


Nomad tribes name their animals based on their colour. Komeit is the name of a horse with red body and a black tail and a black mane. Partridge is an abundant species of Bakhtiari district.

Rag rage monar, Gerem gooshe ghat          dast vandom ve gardanet boosidom tiat

In The line of Monar, I took ears of your cow [which you are riding on it] to stop it. Then I put my hand around your neck and I kissed your eyes.

Monar is one of the important gates in nomadic migration. This gate is a line in the mountains. As you see in the pictures below, the man is waiting to watch his family passing Monar. Only after they pass it, poem’s hero will return.

In NomadTours we will track and hike with the nomad family for 1, 2 or 3 days and we will pass this traditional Monar line in the mountain. You could take part in this authentic experience of nomads’ migration in the below tours:

1- Gambling partridges

2- Be a nomad for three days!

3-Nomad’s migration in the eyes of Fritillaria!


[1] work musics, an article written by Jahangir Safari, Ebrahem Zaheri, two Iranian anthropologists, farhang va mardom quarterly journal, eight year, autumn.

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