Ancient migrations are now on the verge of extinction. Nomads’ ethereal Migration, apart from being an epic cultural movement, has been regarded as an essential measure in environmental preservation.
Known as an outdated way of life, accordingly Nomadic Lifestyle is nowadays on the on edge of extinction. Why? because we’ve failed to see its great practical value in preserving nature. Nowadays different nations are calling for a return to the traditional methods for environmental preservation. We have already had it. So we have every reason to keep and appreciate it.
What causes desertification?
From a scientific point of view, our increasing populations and massive use of technology are resulting in desertification. Nowadays we also create too much bare grounds. The soil must be covered so that Carbon can be preserved in the soil. Otherwise, it goes back to the atmosphere.
Once it was believed desertification is caused by livestock, mostly cattle, sheep and goats, overgrazing the plants, leaving the soil bare and giving off methane. It was thought they are damaging nature. But quite the opposite they are the important factor in preventing desertification.
How to fight against desertification? An Environmental Preservation
In 2013, Allan Savory said: “What we had failed to understand was that these seasonal humidity environments of the world, the soil and the vegetation developed with very large numbers of grazing animals, … large herds dung and urinate all over their own food, and they have to keep moving, and it was that movement that prevented the overgrazing of plants, while the periodic trampling ensured good cover of the soil, as we see where a herd has passed.”
So, you see how crucial this movement can be for environmental preservation. When the flock moves through different lands during migration, the sheep and goats leave their dung and urine throughout their path, and this makes it possible for the soil to absorb and hold the rain and store carbon, and to break down methane and finally to be alive. Therefore, the only answer to “How we can preserve the nature?” is to use livestock to mimic nature, and the best lifestyle to suit the shepherds when they move their flock is the nomadic lifestyle.
Nowadays, they are teaching to move their flocks in pastures. They put their animals together into larger herds and plan their grazing to mimic nature. Nomads of Iran have been practicing it for generations. Such measures are proved to be so helpful for environmental preservation, as they make the crop fields prepared and consequently there would be a great increase in crop yields as well.